Bucharest is the capital of Romania and, at the same time, the largest city, the industrial and commercial center of the country. The population of 1,944,367 inhabitants makes Bucharest the sixth city as a population in the European Union. But in fact, Bucharest collects more than three million people a day, and specialists predict that over the next five years the total will exceed four million. To this is added that the localities around the city, which will be part of the future Metropolitan Area, have a population of approximately 430,000 inhabitants.
The first mention of the locality appears in 1459. In 1859 it became the capital of Romania. Since then he has been constantly changing, being the center of the artistic, cultural and media scene. Between the two world wars, the elegant architecture and the elite of Bucharest brought him the nickname “Little Paris”. Currently, the capital has the same administrative level as a county and is divided into six sectors.
Bucharest is located in the south-east of the country, between Ploieşti in the north and Giurgiu in the south. The town is located in the Vlăsia Plain, which is part of the Romanian Plain. To the east is Bărăganul, in the west the Găvanu Burdea Plain, and to the south it is bounded by Burnazului Plain.
The Plain of Bucharest has altitudes between 100-115 m in the north-west and 50-60 m in the south-eastern part of the Dambovita meadow. The city itself runs between 58 m and 90 m altitude. Over 50% of its surface falls within the hypsometric range of 80-100 m, and the slopes do not exceed the value of 2o. Fragmentation is more pronounced in the eastern half, where it reaches 1-1.5 km / km2.
The relief of the plain consists of a succession of fields (interfluves) and valleys (with terraces and meadows) that follow from north to south:
Bucharest is located on the banks of the river Dâmboviţa, which flows into Arges, a tributary of the Danube. Several lakes lie along the Colentina River in the city’s perimeter, such as Herastrau Lake, Floreasca Lake, Lake Tei, or Colentina Lake. And in the city center there is a lake, in Cismigiu Park. This lake, formerly the old medieval town, is surrounded by the Cişmigiu Garden, inaugurated in 1847 following the plans of the German architect Carl F. W. Meyer. In addition to Cişmigiu in Bucharest there are also other large parks: Herăstrău Park (with the Village Museum) and the Botanical Garden (the largest in Romania and including over 10,000 exotic species), Tineretului Park, Alexandru Ioan Cuza Park and the Titan Park or the IOR Park) as well as many smaller parks and green areas set up by the city halls.
The climate in the capital is specific to Romania, namely temperate-continental. Four seasons are specific, winter, spring, summer and autumn. The winters in Bucharest are quite mild with few snow and relatively high temperatures, while in the last years the summers are very hot, even hot (with very high temperatures of up to 45 degrees in the shade) and with little precipitation. This makes winter temperature variations – summer to be up to 60 degrees.
The legend says that Bucharest was founded by a buck named Bucur. According to another probable variant, Bucharest was founded by Mircea the Elder at the end of the 14th century.
The settlement is documented on September 20, 1459, in an act issued by Vlad Ţepeş, the prince of Wallachia, which strengthens a land estate to some boyars. The Dambovita fortress, as it appeared in the first years of the city, was strategically in charge, and would supervise the road that ran from Târgşor to Giurgiu, the last settlement being an Ottoman garrison. Shortly afterwards, Bucharest declared itself, being elected on October 14, 1465 by Radu cel Bun as the reigning prince. In the years 1558 – 1559, the Princely Church was built at the Old Court, founded by Mr. Mircea Ciobanul, which remains the oldest cult site in the city, preserved in its original form. In 1659, under the reign of Gheorghe Ghica, Bucharest became the capital of Wallachia, a Turkish order, to have a capital in the plain area and close to the Danube, easier to control compared to Targoviste
There are currently two functional airports in Bucharest: Henri Coanda International Airport (initially Otopeni) and Aurel Vlaicu International Airport (initially Baneasa). Henri Coanda is the largest airport in Romania serving five million passengers in 2009 and is the main center for the TAROM national operator. From there depart and arrive daily flights from other cities in Romania as well as many other airports in Europe, North America, Asia and Africa. Aurel Vlaicu is used by low-cost airlines and to serve charter planes
Bucharest | Bucharest is the capital of Romania and, at the same time, the largest city, the industrial and commercial center of the country. The population of 1,944,367 inhabitants makes Bucharest the sixth city as a population